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        海洋防腐領域中有機緩蝕劑的研究進展
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        1.沈陽化工大學;2.中國船舶重工集團公司第七二五研究所 廈門材料研究院;3.遼寧順風新材料科技有限公司

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        中國-西班牙材料聯合實驗室(2022JH2/10700005);2021年國防基礎加強173領域基金項目(2021-JCJQ-JJ-0111);2021年遼寧省“揭榜掛帥”科技攻關項目(2021JH1/10400091);遼寧省“興遼英才計劃”項目資助(XLYC2005002);2020年遼寧省教育廳科學研究經費項目(LZ2020002)


        Research progress of organic corrosion inhibitors in marine corrosion protection
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        1.Shenyang University of Chemical Technology;2.Xiamen Advanced Materials Academy of Luoyang Ship Material Research Institute;3.Liaoning Shunfeng New Material Technology Co,Ltd

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          摘要:

          海洋環境(海水、海洋大氣和海泥)是條件極為嚴苛的自然腐蝕環境。船舶和海洋工程等長期服役在海洋環境中的鋼鐵結構體極易被腐蝕。有機緩蝕劑具有分子結構可設計性強、緩蝕效率高、作用時間長等優點,可有效阻止或減緩金屬的腐蝕。因此,在海洋防腐涂料中添加有機緩蝕劑是提升其耐蝕性能的有效方法。本文結合國內外最新研究進展,綜述了有機小分子緩蝕劑和聚合物緩蝕劑的特性以及其在海洋防腐涂料中的應用,包括總結歸納各種有機緩蝕劑的分子結構和性能影響因素,分析有機緩蝕劑的表征手段和作用機制,討論不同添加工藝對有機緩蝕劑在防腐涂料中的應用研究。最后,對有機緩蝕劑未來發展方向進行了展望。

          Abstract:

          The marine environment (sea water, marine atmosphere, and sea mud) is a naturally corrosive environment with extremely harsh conditions. Steel structures, such as shipping and offshore engineering, which have been used in the marine environment for a long time, are prone to corrosion. Organic corrosion inhibitors have the advantages of excellent design ability of molecular structure, high corrosion inhibition efficiency, and long actuation duration, which can effectively prevent or slow down the corrosion of metals. Therefore, adding an organic corrosion inhibitor to marine anti-corrosion coatings is an effective strategy to improve corrosion resistance. Based on the latest research status at home and abroad, this review summarized the characteristics of organic small molecule corrosion inhibitors and polymer corrosion inhibitors and their applications in marine anti-corrosion coatings, including the molecular structure and performance influencing factors of various organic corrosion inhibitors, analyzing the characteristics and mechanism of organic corrosion inhibitors, and discussing the application of organic corrosion inhibitors in anti-corrosion coatings by different fortification technology. Finally, the future development of organic corrosion inhibitors is prospective.

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        李永勝,黃從樹,付琬璐,姚紅蕊,王娜.海洋防腐領域中有機緩蝕劑的研究進展[J].精細化工,2023,40(6):

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        • 收稿日期:2022-08-29
        • 最后修改日期:2022-12-12
        • 錄用日期:2022-12-12
        • 在線發布日期: 2023-05-11
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