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        太陽能驅動大氣集水:進展與展望
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        作者單位:

        蘭州理工大學 石油化工學院

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        中圖分類號:

        TQ317

        基金項目:

        國家自然科學(52066012);甘肅省自然科學(20JR5RA446);蘭州理工大學紅柳優秀青年人才支持計劃。


        Solar-driven atmospheric water harvesting: progress and prospect
        Author:
        Affiliation:

        School of Petrochemical Technology,Lanzhou University of Technology

        Fund Project:

        National Natural Science ( 52066012 ) ; natural Science of Gansu Province ( 20JR5RA446 ) ; lanzhou University of Technology Hongliu Excellent Young Talent Support Program

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          摘要:

          受太陽能界面蒸發和被動輻射冷卻啟發的太陽能驅動大氣集水技術(Solar-driven atmospheric water harvesting,SAWH),以綠色和可持續的方式產生淡水,具有不受地域限制的優勢,在解決淡水資源危機方面具有巨大的潛力。近年來,為更好的實現SAWH的應用,研究者對太陽能驅動大氣集水技術的核心部件——吸濕材料不斷進行優化,開發出吸濕鹽基、沸石基、硅膠基、MOFs基等多類吸濕材料,同時對集水裝置進行設計和改進,取得了新的進展。本文對SAWH進行全面的回顧,梳理了適應于太陽能驅動大氣集水應用的不同吸濕材料,并對材料的性能進行了比較。分析不同的太陽能驅動的大氣集水系統,討論了在不同氣候條件下集水系統的潛在應用,并對這一技術的發展方向進行展望,為實現SAWH的應用推廣提供理論指導和技術支持。

          Abstract:

          Solar-driven atmospheric water harvesting (SAWH), inspired by solar interface evaporation and passive radiation cooling, produces freshwater in a green and sustainable manner. It has the advantages of being free from geographical constraints and has great potential in solving the crisis of freshwater resources. In recent years, in order to better realize the application of SAWH, researchers have continuously optimized the moisture absorption materials, the core component of solar-driven atmospheric water harvesting technology, and developed a variety of moisture absorption materials such as moisture absorption salts, zeolites, silica gel, and MOFs. At the same time, new progress has been made in the design and improvement of water gathering devices. In this paper, SAWH is comprehensively reviewed, and different moisture absorption materials suitable for solar-driven atmospheric water harvesting are combed, and the properties of the materials are compared. Different solar-driven atmospheric water gathering systems are analyzed, and the potential applications of water gathering systems under different climatic conditions are discussed. The development direction of this technology is prospected, which provides theoretical guidance and technical support for the application and promotion of SAWH.

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        引用本文

        李吉焱,邢郭宇,景艷菊,劉美辰,孫寒雪.太陽能驅動大氣集水:進展與展望[J].精細化工,2023,40(6):

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        歷史
        • 收稿日期:2022-10-10
        • 最后修改日期:2022-11-28
        • 錄用日期:2022-12-05
        • 在線發布日期: 2023-05-11
        • 出版日期:
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